The World Bank and the AIIB are co-financing this project, which aims to improve Metro Manila’s resilience to floods by upgrading water pumping infrastructure in rivers and reducing impediments to water flow. A key component of the project is “participatory housing and resettlement,” through a program called Oplan Likas, of approximately 2,500 households of informal settler families (11,500 people). In 2013, the Philippine government launched the Oplan Likas program to relocate about 104,000 informal settler families in Manila out of danger and high-risk areas, including waterways, in order to keep them safe from floods and to clear these areas for flood-control works. World Bank documents note that this program has “been subject to criticism, mostly for lack of consideration for adverse socioeconomic impacts on the affected households, such as loss of economic livelihood opportunities, lack of adequate access to basic services, and disruption of social networks.”
Metro Manila Flood Management Project
The World Bank and AIIB-funded project will involve the resettlement of approximately 11,5000 residents of metro Manila. Civil society is still waiting for the banks to identify measures to ensure that resettlement activities respect the rights of people with disabilities.