Integrated Feeder Road Development Project

The Integrated Feeder Road Development Project (IFRDP) was approved by the World Bank in May 2018. The Project Development Objective is to "enhance road access in selected rural areas in support of livelihoods of local communities and to provide immediate response to an eligible crisis or emergency as needed." According to project documents, the project aims to rehabilitate and provide maintenance work on selected rural roads located in districts in Zambezia and Nampula Provinces, as well as support the rehabilitation of the primary road network.

The project's combined social and environmental risk is rated "high," and project documents particularly note a high risk of sexual exploitation, abuse, and harassment (SEA/H). Children in the area are especially vulnerable to these risks due to district-specific compounding factors such as high rates of child marriage, adolescent pregnancy, and gender-based violence (GBV), as well as inadequate medical, law enforcement, and quality support services for child victims of SEA/H. 

There are two implementing agencies involved in this project: the Road Fund and the National Road Administration (ANE). The project originally did not create a dedicated project implementation unit (PIU) staffed with social development, environmental, and SEA/H specialists. Instead, they envisioned that contractors would maintain environmental and social safeguards staff, and that oversight would be handled by ANE's environmental and social unit.

In June 2021, the project was temporarily suspended following nine project-related cases of child SEA/H and the failure of implementing agencies to report such cases on a timely basis. According to project documents, the suspension was lifted four months later, in October 2021, following the Government of Mozambique's (GoM) implementation of an action plan that included measures to "strengthen the institutional capacity and the systems in place to manage safeguards risks in the project including those of SEA/SH." This included the creation of a dedicated PIU at ANE to manage environmental and social safeguards responsibilities, with staff specializing in social development, environmental, and gender-based violence (GBV) issues. A second additional financing to the project in 2023 was approved in part to address the costs of these expanded SEA/H mitigation measures, bringing the total project financing to $285 million.

Concerned about how these prevention and response measures are being implemented after multiple incidents of child SEA/H, BIC partnered with the Fórum da Sociedade Civil para os Direitos da Criança (ROSC) in 2023 to monitor the project's implementation.